The Maastricht Treaty, which was signed on 7 February 1992 and entered into force on 1 November 1993, introduced the concept of European citizenship in addition to being the founding act of the European Union.
Like national citizenship, European citizenship designates a relationship between the citizen and the European Union (EU) characterised by rights, duties and participation in political life. Both rights and duties are guaranteed by the Commission, which is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the law in Europe.
The rights of individual citizens and European citizenship, on the other hand, are enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and Article 18 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).
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Rights related to European citizenship
Being a citizen of the Union means being guaranteed a series of rights, without any discrimination on the basis of one’s nationality, among them:
Support the values of the New European Bauhaus
The initiative New European Bauhaus (NEB), launched by the European Commission in 2020, aims to combine design, sustainability, accessibility and investment in order to contribute to the realisation of the European Green Deal.
The new Bauhaus is also a project of hope and therefore aims to benefit European citizens. Indeed, its main characteristic is that it is a participatory initiative, providing an ideal opportunity to bring the EU closer to its citizens and their territories through appropriate communication campaigns and bottom-up initiatives.
How to protect your rights?
If you feel that your rights have been violated by a decision or action of national institutions or authorities in the application of EU law, you can resort to countless tools to defend yourself.
Why is it important to know your rights?
Knowing your rights is important because it allows you to fully enjoy the benefits of EU membership and to actively participate in the construction of the common project.
Furthermore, knowing your rights helps you to defend yourself in case of violation or abuse by the authorities or others. Finally, knowing your rights makes you more aware of the values and principles that inspire the Union and that must be respected by all.
Don’t miss the EU initiatives
As we have seen, being a European citizen is a great source of pride, but it also means being aware of the work the Union does every day to guarantee your rights and give you more opportunities.
To keep up and not to miss all the initiatives related to Europe keep following us! If, on the other hand, you are interested in the topic or other similar ones, continue reading our JOurnal.