Double citizenship within the European Union allows you to have rights, but also duties, in two different countries. This means that should you have it, you can live, work, study, vote and access public administration (PA) services in both countries, without any need for visas or permits.
In this article, we will find out what double citizenship is, how to get it within the European Union and what benefits and drawbacks it entails.
Table of Contents
What is double citizenship?
Double citizenship, also known as multiple citizenship, is nothing more than the possibility of enjoying the rights and services of two countries. If you get it, however, you will also have to comply with the laws, pay taxes and fulfil the civil and military obligations of both.
At the legal level, having double citizenship means being recognised as a citizen of two States. This entails a number of benefits, but also drawbacks, which we will see below.
First, you will be interested in understanding the process by which you can obtain double citizenship within European borders.
How to get double citizenship in Europe
1. By birth
2. By marriage
3. By naturalisation
If you live for years and years in another country and meet certain requirements, such as knowledge of the language and good conduct, you can then apply for citizenship of that country. Let’s say you live in Sweden for five years; you can only apply for Swedish citizenship if you can prove that you can speak Swedish and respect their customs and laws.
Actually, there is also a fourth way, which is by investment, but this is only offered by some EU countries, which allow you to obtain double citizenship in exchange for a significant economic investment in their territory.
Requirements to apply for double citizenship in EU
Examples of double citizenship and special cases
Malta is one of those countries that offers citizenship “at the best price”. Joking aside, in the Maltese island it’s possible to obtain citizenship in exchange for a significant investment of money.
Double citizenship benefits and drawbacks
1. More freedom
2. More job opportunities
3. More civil and social rights
4. Wider culture
1. More legal and fiscal obligations
2. Less consular protection
Double citizenship means not being able to count on the consular protection of your country of origin when you are in the country of which you have the second citizenship. It means that in case of legal problems or emergencies you will have to turn to the local authorities.
So, is it better to have or not to have double citizenship?
We have come to the conclusion of our guide. As we have seen, double citizenship opens the door to a whole range of opportunities. However, getting it’s not easy and sometimes, as in the case of Germany, it can take years.
If you are considering applying for double citizenship, the best advice we can give you is to contact a lawyer who has a full understanding of the law and international law.
If you are looking for a partner for European projects on double citizenship, you can contact us by filling out the contact form below or by calling +390957463250 to schedule a call.
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